Delivery drone with the cardboard box on white background.

Export Controls and the Art of Modern Defense

Export controls are not a new idea. They date back to at least the 14th century when the English tried to keep longbow technology out of the hands of the French during the Hundred Years War. Today, we face a very different world with multiple adversaries, including non-state actors, and no strong consensus on how or when to act.

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ZTE phone

Beyond ZTE: China’s Drive to be a Technology Superpower

President Xi Jinping has a vision that China will be a science and technology superpower. To achieve that goal, China is building the most extensive information and communications technologies (ICT) and cyberspace governance system in the world. Here's how they're doing it, and what the United States should do about it.

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China United States Trade

U.S.-China “Trade War” Timeline

Unconventional Trade Warfare Since taking office, the Trump administration has been building its case against Chinese practices they view as unfair to American businesses, including subsidization of industrial production and requirements to transfer proprietary U.S. technologies. The Trump administration has also taken aim at the opaque connections between state-directed and strategic private enterprises, seeking to […]

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Backdoor in a binary wall concept

Beyond Tariffs: China Could Retaliate Through Cybersecurity

China’s cybersecurity law can be used as a form of “backdoor” trade retaliation to hurt U.S. firms in China.

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Olympic Medals

The Gold Medal of Export Growth

Countries that have hosted the Olympics -- and even those that bid and lose -- enjoy a permanent increase in national exports of around 30 percent. That's potentially more impactful than entering into trade agreements.

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North Korean Illustration

Critical Link: The U.S.-South Korea Security and Trade Connection

The truth about trade agreements is that they’re almost never just about trade. The United States' free trade agreement with South Korea is no exception.

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Afghanistan accession

The WTO Supports Economic Resolutions

New WTO members Afghanistan and Liberia are cheerleaders for other countries seeking WTO membership, including Iraq, Somalia and Timor-Leste. These countries are resolved to rebuild their post-conflict economies and believe that making commitments in the WTO will undergird necessary, but difficult, economic reforms at home.

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concluding MC10

GATT Rounds: Who, What, When

In 1944, the global economy was in shambles. Forty-four nations gathered in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, to discuss how to rebuild an economy devastated by protracted depression and two World Wars. From these discussions emerged a 1947 agreement on a lasting framework for post-war commercial relations whereby trade barriers were contained and then gradually reduced over time.

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vector illustration of a medieval sailing ship.

When a “Trade War” is a War

We often talk about “trade wars,” but in the era of a rules-based trading system the phrase typically refers to the use of tariffs or import restrictions to inflict economic harm. It was not always so. Before the GATT and its design for the peaceful settlement of commercial disputes, the use of military power in international economics was commonplace. Take the case of the fight over control of nutmeg production in the 1660s.

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North Korea-China Trade Ties: North Korea’s Life Jacket is Becoming China’s Straight Jacket

The North Korean regime continues to amass missile and nuclear technologies, through a combination of global licit and illicit transactions. North Korea trades for currency, for fuel, and for military materiel to preserve its power. Will expanded sanctions choke off revenue for weapons programs, or will continued trade ties with China throw North Korea a lifeline?

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